FOCUS & PRIORITIES
Education, Especially for Girls
In the view of some scholars, support for girls’ education may offer the highest return on investment in the developing world.1,2,3 Despite the promise of this intervention, an estimated 136 million girls worldwide remain out of school, and girls are 1.5 times more likely than boys to remain out of primary school.4,5 According to one analysis, numerous countries lose hundreds of millions of dollars in income because they fail to educate girls to the same level as boys.6
Interventions that advance girls’ education take multiple forms and target key indicators that include enrollment, retention, and graduation rates, as well as learning outcomes. Among those interventions are efforts to subsidize school-going costs, to overcome health-related barriers to attending school, and to provide social-emotional support to girls.1
Investing in girls’ education brings a wide range of benefits. Better-educated women tend to be healthier, to earn more income, to give birth to fewer children, to marry at a later age, and to provide their children with higher-quality health care and education.7,8,9,10 Support for girls’ education also has positive macroeconomic effects: By one estimate, increasing the portion of women who complete secondary education by just 1% can increase a country’s rate of growth by 3%.11 In addition, investment in girls’ education has a positive impact on climate change: Women with more years of education have fewer children, and a reduction in average family size in turn leads to lower carbon emissions.12
FOCUS & PRIORITIES
Related Portfolio Organizations
Tap Each Image to Read More
- Gene B. Sperling and Rebecca Winthrop. “What Works in Girls’ Education: Evidence for the World’s Best Investment.” Brookings Institution Press, 2016.
- Lawrence H. Summers. “Investing in All the People: Educating Women in Developing Countries.” The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 1994.
- Finn Kydland, et al. “Nobel Laureates Guide to Smarter Global Targets to 2030.” Copenhagen Consensus Center, 2015.
- “One in Five Children, Adolescents and Youth Is Out of School.” UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2018, p. 5.
- “Leaving No One behind: How Far on the Way to Universal Primary and Secondary Education?” UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2016, pp. 1-15.
- “Paying the Price: The Economic Cost of Failing to Educate Girls.” Plan International, 2008, p. 11.
- “Why Girls’ Education — CAMFED — Campaign for Female Education.” Camfed, 2020.
- Claudio Montenegro and Harry Patrinos. “Comparable Estimates of Returns to Schooling Around the World.” World Bank Group, 2014.
- Celine Ferre. “Age at First Child: Does Education Delay Fertility Timing?” The World Bank, 2009.
- National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. “Global Health and the Future Role of the United States,” The National Academies Press, 2017.
- Malala Fund and Center for Universal Education. “Fact Sheet 1: The World’s Best Investment: Girls’ Education.”
- Project Drawdown. “Health and Education.”